Una raza de osos polares acorazados

Hay un amigo al que podría interesarle leer "La materia oscura" (si no la leyó aun):

Segun Wikipedia, en inglés "His Dark Material"
Segun Wikipedia, en español "La Materia Oscura"

El autor, Philip Pullman, escribió esta trilogía para "responderle" como se merecía, a Carl C. Lewis, autor de "Crónicas de Narnia" (una porquería, en fin).

El año pasado estrenaron la primer película. Los actores son perfectos, pero el guión es una pesadilla. Alguno no tenía criterio al momento de cortar textos. En ese sentido, hicieron mejor la película de las crónicas...pero bueh.

El asunto es que en la historia aparecen:

Armoured Bears (panserbjørne)

The word "panserbjørne" (italicised and not capitalised in the books) literally means "armoured bears" in Danish, and it is used either as the entire race as one unit or as a pluralized form of the singular "panserbjørn." In early editions of the book, Northern Lights, the name was spelled "panserbørne" and in the film, The Golden Compass, they are also known as "ice bears." "Panserbjørne" is pronounced "pan-sur-byur-nuh."


The panserbjørne are a race of sapient, talking polar bears that have opposable thumbs on their front paws. Despite their large digits and immense strength they have remarkable dexterity. This, together with an innate sense of metallurgy, makes them exceptional metalsmiths, and they are capable of creating and repairing metal items far beyond the capabilities of human smiths (in the parallel universe that the panserbjørne live in at least; other universes explored in the novels have facilities superior to the bears).

While they mainly appear to speak English, they have been known to speak in a number of indigenous languages.


Panserbjørne are generally solitary creatures, but have a loose society centred on Svalbard. They are governed by a king who is usually determined by bloodline, but can be elected by unarmed combat; Iofur Raknison and Iorek Byrnison are the only two kings seen in the books.

Some bears occasionally hire themselves out to humans as mercenaries or labourers, but only in the Arctic regions, and it is implied that bears who do this may be shamed in some way. Lands further to the south have little contact with the bears, though their existence is widely known.

During the books the bears seem to be suffering from an outside context problem, struggling to maintain their own culture and traditions against the intrusion of human society. This is most visible during the reign of Iofur Raknison, the usurper king of Svalbard in Northern Lights. He tries to force the bears to become more human-like, attempting to build palaces and universities, decorate their armour, and even acquire daemons. Iorek Byrnison eventually defeats Iofur and returns the bears to their usual, more primitive state; however, later in the series he begins to feel human feelings such as doubt, and is asked if creating armour was a human action itself. Iorek, however, decides there is a line between bear custom and human behavior.


Armour is extremely important to the panserbjørne; they consider it the equivalent of a dæmon or soul.

A bear fashions his own armour using 'sky-iron', a rare metal collected from meteorites which the bears discover on, or buried in, the ice. Although the magical metal described in Pullman's works is fictional, the native peoples of the Arctic do value meteorites (particularly the Cape York meteorite) as an invaluable source of iron for toolmaking (although iron from meteorites is actually weaker than terrestrial iron, not having impurities like carbon, which contribute to its strength).

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